PARASITIC CONTAMINATIONS OF SUNDRY CASSAVA IN SOME VILLAGES IN KOGI STATE, NIGERIA AND THE ASSOCIATED HEALTH-RISK

PARASITIC CONTAMINATIONS OF SUNDRY CASSAVA IN SOME VILLAGES IN KOGI STATE, NIGERIA AND THE ASSOCIATED HEALTH-RISK

ABSTRACT

A study on parasites contamination of and helminth parasite associated with sundry cassava in Alo, Ugbedu and Jimgbe Kogi state, Nigeria was conducted between November 2018 to April 2019 using parasitological method of parasite isolation. A total of 300 samples of sundry cassava were collected from different locations by hand picking and examined for protozoa and helminth parasites. 100 samples were collected from each location. Ten medically important parasites were encountered – two protozoans which were Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum, and seven helminthes which were Nematode – Trichuris trichura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Enterobius vermicularis, Necator americanus, These parasite were prevalent in the following order Ascaris lumbricoides 35, Giadia lamblia 26, Trichuris trichura 24, Necator americanus 12, Enterobius vermicularis 10, Cryptosporidiun parvum 8, 4 Faciola hepatica 2, Schistosome mansoni 2 and Opisthorchis viverrini 1. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the parasite distribution of the contaminated samples and other parameters. Therefore as cassava is a major food with high quality of carbohydrate in Africa, the drying and preservation location and processes should be adequately safe to avoid contamination by these parasites, hence cassava can serve as reservoir for infectious pathogens. Safer environment with less contact with soil should be adopted when drying cassava in the environment.

Salem University Journals

Salem University Journals

Salem University Journal of Life Sciences 2019, Vol.1, No.1, pp 30-38 ISBN: 9789785877585

Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on whatsapp
WhatsApp
Share on email
Email